D. Francisco Pizarro Conquistador del Peru




After Marco Chillitupa Chávez



Object Info

Object: painting
Not currently on view
Object ID: 1977.45.16


Gift of Dr. Belinda Straight

More Info


height: 25.5 in, 64.7700 cm; width: 19 in, 48.2600 cm


Mayer Center of Ancient and Latin American Art


Mayer Center of Ancient and Latin American Art-Latin American Art

Known Provenance

Gifted 7 July 1977 by Dr. Belinda Straight to the Denver Art Museum. Provenance research is on-going at the Denver Art Museum. Please e-mail provenance@denverartmuseum.org, if you have questions, or if you have additional information to share with us.


After Marco Chillitupa Chávez (active about 1820-40, Cuzco, Peru). D. Francisco Pizarro Conquistador del Peru. Lima or Cuzco. Peru, 1830-1850. Oil paint on canvas. 25 1/2 x 19 in. Denver Art Museum Collection: Gift of Dr. Belinda Straight; 1977.45.16

Extended Info

This painting is one of a series of sixteen (1977.45.1-.16) showing the ancient rulers of the Inca Empire. It is not only a family tree but a political tool. Since proof of aristocratic Inca blood entitled people to special privileges and freed them from paying taxes in the Spanish Colonial period, paintings were used to document and assert this heritage. The set of paintings ends with Francisco Pizarro (1977.45.16), the Spanish conqueror of Peru in 1534, shown in his European armor.
     Although romanticized, the Inca male rulers wear the uncu, an exquisitely woven tunic, and an aberrant version of the llautu, the traditional royal headdress complete with red forehead fringe. The painting of the Inca queen (1977.45.2), Mama Occollo, shows her wearing the traditional women’s mantle, or lliclla, a rectangular cloth worn across the shoulders so that the stripes appear horizontally across the back, and held in place by a tupu pin inserted horizontally in the front. The geometric textile patterns in all the paintings are reminiscent of tocapu designs on traditional Inca noble clothing, signifying rank and status.
--Donna Pierce, 2015

Exhibition History

  • “ReVision: Art in the Americas” — Denver Art Museum, 2/16/2020 – 11/8/2020