- United States
Gene Davis, United States
9.8 ft. X 18.8 ft.
Denver Art Museum Collection: Gift of Mr. Vance H. Kirkland, 1980.405
Photograph © Denver Art Museum 2008. All Rights Reserved.
About the Artist
Gene Davis was born in Washington DC in 1920 and spent nearly all his life there. Before 1968, when he was able to turn his painting into a full-time job, Davis worked as a journalist, taking on jobs as a sportswriter and as a White House Correspondent during the Truman administration. He was a self-taught artist who is best known for his colorful acrylic stripe paintings. Davis made a point that he was not an abstract artist: “I’m interested in the stripe as subject matter,” he explained. “Just as Picasso will take the human figure and do all kinds of twists on it; I take the simple stripe use it in all of its many variations.” He made stripe paintings in sizes from micro-mini to colossal, including a painting that spread across an entire street outside of the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
What Inspired It
Davis began making paintings of stripes in the late-fifties, when much of painting was created with expressive gestures like flinging and dripping. He made crisp, hard-edged paintings, which he purposefully made as neat as possible by using masking tape. “It was like a breath of fresh air,” said Davis, describing how his straight-and-narrow color bands forged a new artistic direction in an art scene dominated by “messy” paintings.
In making Phantom Tattoo, Davis carefully laid down masking tape on the canvas to create approximately 220 stripes, each of equal width. When he filled the stripes in with color, he relied on his gut instinct to create a pattern that was like rhythmic music for the eyes.
Davis has said that the regular structure of his paintings—a series of stripes of equal length and width—allows the color to stand out. He has suggested that viewers “look at the painting in terms of individual colors. In other words, instead of simply glancing at the work, select a specific color . . . and take the time to see how it operates across the painting . . . when the viewer selects individual colors and looks across the surface of the work, he’s almost reliving the painting process, because I often do put all of one color down at a session. And then I’ll come back and use another color.”
Davis’s paintings typically repeat particular colors to create a sense of rhythm and repetition with variations. He compared himself to a jazz musician, using colors instead of notes. He worked from gut instinct, choosing colors on the spot and laying each one down in an irregular, unpredictable sequence. “I’m a real shoot-from-the-hip artist,” he said.
Davis liked to have fun with the different titles that he gave his artworks. He said in an interview, “Well, I’ll tell you. The only other artist who—I’ll say this modestly—the only artist who does as interesting titles as me is Paul Klee, who titles his work such things as The Twittering Machine and lovely titles like that. I was very influenced—Klee was my first love. And the idea of putting ambiguous titles on paintings came from my first inspiration from Paul Klee.”
Quick Classroom Ideas
- Read The Dot by Peter Reynolds (Cambridge, MA: Candlewick Press, 2003). Ask students: Could you imagine creating 50 paintings of dots? How could you create variety among them (refer to the school art show in the book)? Gene Davis created many paintings of stripes. Show some examples of some of his other stripe paintings (a Google image search will bring up many). What simple shape would students use to create their own series of artworks?
- Give students five sets of colored stripes cut out of construction paper; each set should contain the same assortment of colors. Use each set of stripes to create a different composition. Think about the various ways you can arrange them to create different effects—making one color dominant or creating a strong color contrast. Give each work a title.
- Imagine you’re an ant traveling across the painting. How would you feel as you encountered each color? What color do you think you’d be drawn to? What colors would you avoid? Where would you go to sleep? Where would you like to have a party?
- Project Phantom Tattoo on the wall, or hand out color copies. Do not reveal the title of the artwork. In groups, have students come up with new a title for the painting. Give each group two minutes to present to the class their justifications for the title they chose. Vote on a class favorite; then reveal the actual title of the painting. Ask students if they think Davis’s title fits the painting. Why or why not?